Top Tricks For A Safe Hike
Trouble can come at any time during a hike and expert hikers know this all too well. Someone from the department of the county sheriff who lived through plenty of California mountain wild nights said that anyone today interested in reading survival stories should start with those from the 19th century. Errors like accidentally going astray can be prevented by exercising good judgment while on the trail he said.
Proper arrangements have to be made if a trek into the woods and wild is to be successful. Apart from a flashlight plus a fire starter and a pocket knife hikes require taking along a map and compass on top of a pair of sunglasses and a first aid kit together with additional food and clothing as well as waterproof matches.
The situation might turn ugly so be ready for it. People who make unscheduled overnight stops in the woods should also arm themselves with a whistle as well as a space blanket and some signal mirrors for a source of light flashes from the sun advise search and rescue personnel.
Hiker status is communicated in a timely fashion using speed of light. Lost hikers have frequently had success alerting others of their location by flashing the flashbulbs on their cameras. While helpful with summoning assistance the sound of whistles may not be loud enough to be heard beyond the trees and water.
When problems crop up during a hike do not rely too much on a cellular phone to get you out as there is a good chance placing calls will be impossible especially in areas outside of the front country. Straying from the established trails or taking alternate routes is usually how hikers lose their way and is a leading cause of a search.
Territorial maps are not the easiest to read so if you do not know a lot about them sticking with the trails might be best. It would be a mistake to wander off when you are already lost and search and rescue staff say you increase your chances of being found by staying put in one spot. You may find the way back yourself but if you really want to be rescued quickly you will remain in your position so searchers can locate you easier.
Consider the acronym STOP say some experienced pros. When feeling lost and panicky just STOP. Focus and start THINKING of the last location wherein you did not feel lost.
Observe details that might provide clues to where you should be. Plan your next course of action. If you got lost in the evening then an overnight stay in the place might be in order.
Here the main goal is to stay dry and keep warm. You can bring out the space blanket for this situation but if you forgot yours the tree branches and leaves also provide comfort.
When possible eat something to avoid elevated core body temperature. The best advice for kids when lost is to not leave their spot and just put their arms around a tree while awaiting rescuers according to search and rescue pros.
- Puppy Training – Positive Method – 3 months old German Shepherd Dog / K9 Ambassador
Positive Training With Dog Treats
There was a time when negative dog training was often used. Rather than only rewarding the desired behavior, punishment was given for incorrect behavior. Canines are naturally inclined to work, and most have a strong desire to learn as a way to work for a reward. This is why positive obedience training with dog treats is a far better approach.
Human Training First
Believe it or not, much of dog training has nothing to do with the dog and everything to do with the human. How you react is vital to how quickly your pet will learn. If you are slow to reward dog treats after a major success, then your pet may not pick up on why he or she was being rewarded. On the other hand, if you reward too often, your pet may not feel the need to work as hard. Find an ideal balance between praise and dog treats. The food reward should be saved for significant advancements while praise and petting can be used for each small step achieved.
Be Patient Every Step of the Way
Remain completely patient and avoid reacting negatively out of frustration. If your pet doesnt seem to understand a step, never take it as a personal attack. Dogs are not vengeful, and as humans we are emotional. We often displace our own emotions by applying them to our pets. The reality is a dog that seems stubborn may not understand because you are moving too quickly. Take a break, gather more dog treats and start again.
If things have become frustrating, and your pet doesnt seem to get the command, it is time to take a few steps backwards. Return to more basic steps and see where your pet excels. Once he or she seems to be getting it, you can slowly progress again. Make a point to offer dog treats as you did the first time through, especially when steps that your pet didnt understand are successfully executed. Never push yourself and your pet forward when he or she is not making progress.
Avoid Fear and Aggression
Dog treats, praise and petting are the only tools you really need to tell your dog he or she is doing the right thing. Negative behavior should be replaced, not punished. Do not hit or yell at your dog if he or she does something wrong during training. This can cause your pet to fear you. He or she may not understand the behavior was incorrect. As far as they can tell, you randomly punished them. Continuing down this path can lead to aggression, should your pet feel the need to become defensive.
That is not to say if your pet does something wrong you should not react. Bad behavior should be immediately stopped by removing your pet from the source, accompanied by a firm, deep no. Many pet owners find that this method is extremely effective and far more desirable than hitting or other forms of punishment.
Whistle Away Your Anxiety!
Forgive me if I reminisce a little!
The other day I heard a song that I’d not heard for ages. It took me back a few years, I can tell you!
And while I was mentally reliving years gone by, I realised how relevant this song still is to us all today! Some things just never change!
I’m talking about a song called ‘I Whistle a Happy Tune’, written by the brilliant Rodgers & Hammerstein and sung by the British governess Mrs Anna Leonowens in the hit musical ‘The King And I’. The musical was based on the true experiences of Anna and this song explains how she dealt with her private fears when she found herself in new and strange surroundings.
She taught these techniques to her young son – and now I’m explaining them to you!
This is a song that was copyrighted way back in 1951 but, take a look at the lyrics below and you’ll see that it’s aimed well and truly at all of us anxiety sufferers!
See what you think:
Whenever I feel afraid, I hold my head erect,
And whistle a happy tune so no one will suspect I’m afraid.
While shivering in my shoes, I strike a careless pose
And whistle a happy tune and no one ever knows I’m afraid.
The result of this deception is very strange to tell,
For when I fool the people I fear,
I fool myself as well!
I whistle a happy tune and every single time,
The happiness in the tune convinces me that I’m not afraid.
Make believe you’re brave and the trick will take you far.
You may be as brave as you make believe you are!
©Rodgers & Hammerstein 1951
This could have been written especially for you!!
It sums up exactly what I’m always telling anxiety sufferers:
That if you behave as if you are confident (even if you don’t feel it inside) then you’ll trick your brain into believing you really ARE confident.
That your body language is important to the way you feel and how people treat you. Stand tall (‘hold my head erect’) and be counted!
That if you use distraction techniques (the whistling of a tune or such like) you’ll take your mind off any scary thoughts you may be having.
That people can’t always tell you’re feeling anxious even if you’re convinced they can.
That appearances can be deceptive (striking the ‘careless pose’). Look cool and collected and that’s how people will see you.
That positive happy thoughts (‘the happiness in the tune’) can usually override negative ones and help to reduce your anxiety levels.
That always having a ‘little trick’ in reserve (like whistling a happy tune, for example, even if it’s just silently in your head!) is an excellent stand by to have for those times when you need some extra help.
And we all know what a difference any of the above things can make to help you in anxious situations!
Have a think about how you deal with scary situations. Do you have a ‘happy tune’ you can call upon? If not, maybe you might find it helpful. Who knows, maybe you might find that actually it’s THIS song that stays in your head, ready for when you need it most!
Good luck, and happy whistling!
Your Puppy’s First Trip In The Car – Online Dog Training Videos
Many schools and accredited institutions provide dog grooming training for people interested in following a career in this field of activity. The programs are meant to teach the trainees all the skills required for pet care professions either in part-time or full-time businesses. At the end of the training course you can get a job in a pet care organization or start your own pet grooming business. Traditional dog grooming training is conducted in accredited institutions that function on the basis of a well established curriculum. And although Internet programs are a lot more flexible, their reliability is doubtful most of the times. Home training is also criticized for the lack of resources and the impossibility to develop skills by working with live pets.
With distance dog grooming training a lot of emphasis is placed on the use of video didactic materials that take care of the practical part of your education. It is up to you to decide whether this kind of programs are suitable for starting a new career or not. Certifications are provided at graduation, but before paying for any such courses it is important to check whether the program or the center organizing the training is accredited and corresponds to the legal policy of the Better Business Bureau.
The costs are very important. Traditional school classes are more expensive than long distance programs. Nevertheless, good bits and bad bits can be found for any situation, yet, an expert recommendation will always go for the in-class form of training because of the possibility to develop skills more rapidly and in better circumstances. Thus, if you have the possibility to complete dog grooming training in a local school, choose this variant over the Internet distance studies.
All forms of dog grooming training are very modern in terms of educational background. The demand for professional groomers have increased over the last three decades but thirty years ago, dog grooming definitely didn’t sound like a promising job, not to mention career. Social changes and transformations have actually come to shape and improve dog grooming training because of the higher demands for quality services. Consequently, a grooming school that has a fifteen year tradition is more reliable as compared to one that has just been founded. The longer the history of a training school, the better the references.
Online Natural Healing Training Opportunities
Obtaining good health has become a high focus in today’s society, which has made natural healing medical practices popular. Students can study non-invasive ways to help people achieve a healthy lifestyle. The online natural healing training opportunities include accredited programs at several degree levels and concentrations.
Students interested in alternative health are able to enter a plethora of training opportunities. Online natural healing schools and colleges explore medical care in a variety of situations from therapeutic massage to other holistic procedures such as chiropractic care. Online education is available at the certificate to doctorates degree level. Some areas may only require students to hold a certificate such as the massage therapy industry. The best pre-schooling preparation for students that have a desire to work in natural healing is to research training options. Some possible areas of education can include:
When pursuing a career in holistic health students again have several options to choose from. Education focuses on healing the entire patient, which takes into account the physical, emotional, and spiritual areas of a person. Students that want to take this approach to treating illness can step into programs that include acupuncture, chiropractic care, osteopathy, and aromatherapy. An acupuncture degree program for instance requires students to have a master’s degree. Students will need to obtain a bachelor’s degree in a health related area before entering graduate degree training. Education focuses on teaching students to use needles to relax and heal patients from a variety of ailments. The needles are used in specific areas and patterns in the body to promote the body’s natural healing mechanisms. Holistic health opens many career fields to dedicated students.
Inside homeopathic study students learn to treat patients by prescribing a holistic solution to their problem. Students learn about holistic health by learning to use correct dosages of natural substances to fight off disease and other health problems. Training teaches students to use substances to combat ailments at the root cause. Biochemistry, principles of digestion, detoxification, and nutritional therapy are some course subjects discussed inside a program. Many students pursue education at the master’s degree level.
Programs teach students to use specific massage therapy techniques to help their patients. Treatment is used to relax patients and promote healing from injuries depending on the goal of the visit. Programs can be taken as a general approach or students can complete specialized programs. For example, students can learn how to work specifically with pregnant women using pre-natal massage therapy. Students are able to complete a certificate or associate’s degree program and step directly into professional work.
These educational options are just a few areas available to students. Online education in many natural healing areas may not be fully available online. Due to the level of hands-on training required, students will typically have to attend traditional courses at the college of their choice. Theory and general education courses are typically offered online.
Students should begin researching the field to find the right educational program for them. Enter a desired career by enrolling in an accredited natural healing college online. Accreditation comes from agencies like Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM) and is provided to programs that offer the best quality education.
DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.
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- Catalin Cornea’s dog training program works!
Dog Training Techniques (Get Real Advice)
There are various dog trainer techniques, but it’s difficult to find which one will work best for you and your pet. Sure! The majority of techniques will work, if done properly, but you need to find one that’s comfortable for you.
One technique that you may of heard of is Clicker Training. What the heck is Clicker Training? Clicker Training has been around for some time now and began being used to teach marine mammals tricks for performance.
So Clicker Training isn’t some magical item that makes dogs listen. It isn’t a gimmick either. The key to making it succeed is to use the click noise with food. It pretty much works as a bridge between dogs finding out that the click means they did something good and is rewarded for it. It’s best described as an event marker and lets the dog know what they did right. Within time, you won’t need the clicker for your dog.
Dog Training Techniques: The Recall Game
I found this one on the internet and found it interesting. It was written by Rebekah Pless. A way to teach your dog to run to you every time you call them is, for starters, is never call your pet unless you can enforce the command. Every time you call your pet and they don’t immediately receive a food reward, then they won’t come to you. Always give them a treat. Keep treats in your pocket all the time. Every good act deserves a reward.
Also never call your pet over for something unpleasant. If you need to groom your dog, don’t call them over to you. Go to the dog instead of calling them over.
Now what you need to do is get 2 people involved in the training. Have the person point to the person calling them. Have them clap, whistle or call the dog. When the dog comes, they get a reward. Use the dogs name every time you call them, so they will become familiar with their name. You only tell the dog to come when they are coming to you.
Once the dog comes to you, hold them by the collar and give them their treat. This prevents them from grabbing the treat and leaving. After they receive the treat, point them to the next person they need to go to and repeat the same process. Not only will the dog learn to come when called, they will also learn to respond to pointing where they need to go too.
Dog Training Techniques: Crate Training
One last technique that you may of heard of is Crate Training. Providing your dog with an indoor kennel crate can help your dogs need for a type of den enclosure. It works as an excellent housebreaking tool, because it helps the dog from not soiling their sleeping place, plus it will also help reduce separation anxiety in puppies, also prevents chewing shoes and furniture and keeps puppies from getting into hazardous things around the house.
Furnish the crate with treats and toys. Make sure the toys are large enough to prevent them from eating them. Also be sure to put water in the crate and bedding. You want your dog to be as comfortable as possible.
Place the crate next to you when you are home. This will help the dog feel more comfortable with the crate. Every now and then, put dog treats in the crate. This will make the dog think of the crate as a positive thing.
Remember to only put the dogs in the crate for short periods of time in the beginning. Puppies have small bladders and usually need to pee over 12 times a day. If your dog has an accident in the crate, don’t punish them.
This technique doesn’t always work, especially with dogs who were bought from pet stores due to their having been forced to eliminate in their sleeping area.
Eventually they will be potty trained and will no longer have separation anxiety.